Endnote 1


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Endnote 2

Solicitor General of Canada. National Consultation with Victims of Crime: Highlights and Key Messages. Ottawa: Solicitor General of Canada, 2001. Catalogue no. JS42-97/2001-1. Available online at: http://www.publicsafety.gc.ca/res/cor/rep/_fl/ncvc-cnvc-eng.pdf

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Endnote 3

National Parole Board, Summary of Victim Responses to NPB Questionnaire December 2003, as described in the Performance Monitoring Report 2003-04. See: http://pbc-clcc.gc.ca/rprts/pmr/pmr_2003_2004/04pmr_14_e.htm

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Endnote 4

National Parole Board, "NPB Quick Stats": http://pbc-clcc.gc.ca/infocntr/factsh/factsh-eng.shtml

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Endnote 5

A registered victim refers to a victim who has registered with the CSC and/or the NPB for the purposes of receiving notification.

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Endnote 6

These data concerning the NVSP are available on the Correctional Service of Canada Website, at: www.csc-scc.gc.ca/victims-victimes/index-eng.shtml

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Endnote 7

Normally, wardens will make decisions about ETAs except in the case of lifers who are more than three years from their parole eligibility date.

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Endnote 8

National Parole Board, "NPB Quick Stats": http://pbc-clcc.gc.ca/infocntr/factsh/factsh-eng.shtml

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Endnote 9

The PCVI Multi-Site Survey of Victims of Crime and Criminal Justice Professionals

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Endnote 10

Martell Consulting Services Ltd, "Information Sharing and Victims – Prepared for Public Safety Canada," March 2008.

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Endnote 11

Juristat Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics. "Victim Services in Canada, 2005/2006," In only 1% of violent incidents did the victim receive support specifically from a victim service agency. (p. 4, Text Box 2).

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Endnote 12

Victim Impact Statements at Sentencing: Judicial Experiences and Perceptions A Survey of Three Jurisdictions, Department of Justice Canada, 2006. pg. 2.

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Endnote 13

Victim Impact Statements at Sentencing: Judicial Experiences and Perceptions A Survey of Three Jurisdictions, Department of Justice Canada, 2006.

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Endnote 14

This may require amendments to sections 17 (ETAs) and 28 (Transfers) to ensure wardens consider available victim information as part of these decisions.

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Endnote 15

National Parole Board, April 2006, Contacts with Victims — Review of Regional Practices, available online at: http://pbc-clcc.gc.ca/rprts/pmd-docs/c_v-eng.shtml

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Endnote 16

Policy Centre for Victim Issues, "Multi-Site Survey of Victims of Crime and Criminal Justice Professionals across Canada — Summary of Probation Officer, Corrections and Parole Board Respondents," 2005. p. 6.

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Endnote 17

Paragraph 515(10)(b) says, "For the purposes of this section, the detention of an accused in custody is justified only on one or more of the following grounds… (b) where the detention is necessary for the protection or safety of the public, including any victim of or witness to the offence, having regard to all the circumstances including any substantial likelihood that the accused will, if released from custody, commit a criminal offence or interfere with the administration of justice."

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Endnote 18

The CRCVC is an organization dedicated to ensuring victims' rights and public safety. An important part of the work of the CRCVC involves helping victims to obtain and understand information on offenders and their rights under the CCRA.

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Endnote 19

Canadian Resource Centre for Victims of Crime. June 4, 2007. Brief to the CSC Review Panel, p. 3. Available online at: www.crcvc.ca/docs/CSC_Review_May07.pdf and http://crcvc.ca/resources

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Endnote 20

Victims of Violence, Brief to the Sub-Committee on Corrections and Conditional Release Act of the Standing Committee on Justice and Human Rights, p. 2.

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Endnote 21

Available online at: http://pbc-clcc.gc.ca/infocntr/factsh/factsh-eng.shtml

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Endnote 22

State ex rel. Hance v. Arizona Board of Pardons and Paroles, 875 P. 2d 824 (AZ CT APP 1993)

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Endnote 23

Bob Mitchell, "Mom steels herself to face teen's killer after 25 years," Toronto Star, April 8, 2007

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Endnote 24

Rob Tripp, "Women fights to keep her sister's killer behind bars for good," Kingston Whig-Standard, April 15, 2008

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Endnote 25

New Directions from the Field: Victims' Rights and Services for the 21st Century, US Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Office for Victims of Crime, 1998, p. 357.

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Endnote 26

In December 2008, the OFOVC sent the Minister of Public Safety and Minister of Justice a letter outlining the challenges with the current scheme and encouraging them to look at some options for reform.

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Endnote 27

Subsection 3(a) of the CCRA.

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Endnote 28

"Influences on Canadian Correctional Reform — Working Papers of the Correctional Law Review 1986-1988," Solicitor General of Canada.

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Endnote 29

Policy Centre for Victims Issues Fact Sheet, "Costs of Crime in Canada" www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/webarchives/20061025163623/www.victimsweek.gc.ca/fact-sheets/p2.html

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Endnote 30

Leung, Ambrose. 2004. The Costs of Pain and Suffering from Crime in Canada. Research and Statistics Division Methodological Series, Department of Justice, Canada.

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Endnote 31


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